The English toy spaniel is a small, snub-nosed dog that weighs about 14 pounds fully grown. It is characterized by its long furry ears and large endearing eyes.
The colors of its coat vary from red, white, black, tan, or even solid red. English Spaniels are bright, friendly, and loving animals to have as pets.
They are consumed with your presence and will often just follow their owner around to decrease their loneliness and enjoy your company. Before getting one of these dogs, it would be beneficial to know the history and the interesting facts of this fun breed of dogs.
Many professionals do not know exactly where this breed originated, but it is thought they came from Japan, but quickly were introduced to England. While in England, these dogs became very important to the royal family.
They could have been brought to England as early as the 13th century around the time that King Charles I was in power.
Sometimes English Toy Spaniels were called the King Charles Spaniels because of how important these dogs were to him and the royal family. It soon assumed the nickname ‘Charlie’. Not only was it a large part in England, but the queen of Scots in Scotland also had an English Toy Spaniel.
Queen Mary was very attached to her dog, and there is even a legend that he was always with her, even in her last minutes before her execution. The dog stayed by her side the whole time. Their loyalty to their owner is unbeaten and is a desirable feature in a pet.
Dogs in art
Since these dogs were commonly associated with royalty, it was common that English Toy Spaniels would accompany their owners in portraits. Commonly, these are known as renaissance paintings. They could be painted by themselves or with their owners, or they could even be included in family pictures.
Not only can these dogs be portrayed in paintings, but also sculptures, engravings, and photographs. Many of these art pieces can date back to the 18th century and are still found today in contemporary art.
English Toy Spaniels are favored for these artistic pieces because of their beautiful and sweet appearance, in addition to their luscious hair. Many owners of these dogs were to celebrate the beauty of their loving dogs by capturing their essence through a timeless picture.
Characteristics of English Toy Spaniels
English toy Spaniels have long ears and a soft wavy coat. Their coats vary in color and are named depending on the combination.
The first combination is black and tan, which is called King Charles; this is because the two colors on the dog were the monarch’s favorite. The second is black, white, and tan, which is called Prince Charles. The third is a red and white variety and is called the Blenheim.
This is named after the Blenheim Palace. Lastly, the other color that English Toy Spaniels come in is red, which is called Ruby. In addition to the color of their coat, these dogs vary in length and weight.
English Toy Spaniels stand from 9 to 11 inches and could weigh between 9 and 14 pounds. There are no noticeable differences between females and males in this breed of dogs. Compared to their body, the head of an English Toy Spaniel is large.
English Toy Spaniels have a well-defined face with a short muzzle and a nose pushed into their face. In addition to their muzzle, their eyes are large and far apart on their face. English Toy Spaniels also have a square and broad, turned-up jaw and an undershot bite.
They are very personable and sweet dogs, who enjoy the company of humans, but usually have difficulty with children. They get overwhelmed easily, and young children who do not understand that will have difficulty giving them space.
English Toy Spaniels tend to cling to one person and have some major separation anxiety. They will whine or bark when they are lonely or need attention from their owners. If they do not get the attention that they are craving, they become destructive and will commonly chew on items that they should not.
You are not supposed to leave them for long periods because of this. If you do leave them for long periods, you can expect your items chewed up, excessive barking when you return, and an upset dog.
If you do leave your dog unattended for hours on end, they may be discouraged from being outgoing animals and may become shy and distant from you or your family.
English Toy Spaniels are sweet dogs that enjoy the company of others and are rarely aggressive. These traits make them bad guard dogs or watchdogs, but great cuddling companions.
English Toy Spaniels can commonly be confused with Cavalier King Charles Spaniels. At one point in time, they were the same, but as time has gone on, these two dogs have become separate breeds.
The English Toy Spaniel is smaller in size and weight than the Cavalier.
Cavaliers are commonly around 13 to 18 pounds and 12 to 13 inches tall, whereas the English Toy Spaniel is 8 to 14 pounds and 9 to 10 inches tall. As well as these physical features, the English Toy Spaniels muzzle is much shorter than the Cavalier’s, and their heads differ in size.
Even though these dogs show some differences in their size, their personalities are very similar. Both breeds are loving, affectionate, and friendly dogs.
Cavaliers and English Toy Spaniels love to be around others and are non-aggressive. Commonly, these two breeds are misconceived as the other due to the similarities they have in the colors of their fur.
English Toy Spaniels, as well as Cavaliers, have colors in their fur such as Blenheim, Prince Charles, King Charles, and Ruby. This is one of the major reasons that they are commonly mistaken for the other breed.