Are you searching for the perfect dog?
Maybe you have already chosen your dog, and you have chosen a Samoyed.
It is possible that you are wondering whether or not the characteristics your Samoyed exhibits are true to the breed. Maybe you’re wondering if the Samoyed is the perfect breed for you.
To find out the answers to your questions about the Samoyed, review some of the characteristics of the breed outlined below.
The history of the Samoyed
The Samoyed is an ancient Northern breed originating from Siberia, Russia. Bred by the Samoyede / Samoyedic people, a nomadic tribe, they were used for hunting, herding reindeer, guard, and pulling sleds.
The Czar of Russia was known to give this breed as gifts causing the breed to become very popular during the 1800s in England. Queen Alexandria took a liking to the breed and favored them.
The Samoyed is an ancestor of the Laika, a breed From the herding Nenet tribes. A favorite breed of Fridtjof Nansen, Samoyeds have been used on many polar expeditions, specifically expeditions in the north due to their strong ability to pull sleds.
Samoyeds are known for their beautiful aesthetic characteristics. They have a strikingly beautiful, thick, double layer white coat. The top layer keeps the Samoyed clean from dirt, while the undercoat, made up of short, dense fur, keeps the Samoyed warm.
The Samoyed coat is either a striking white, white with biscuit, or cream in color. Samoyeds stand 21-23 inches in height for males and 18-21 inches for females. Weight ranges in 45-65 pounds for males and 35-50 pounds for females.
Samoyeds have almond-shaped eyes that are either black or brown, furry ears, and a curled tail. Samoyeds are also known as the smiling breed as they upturned sides of their mouth to make them look like that are smiling, the upturned mouth controls and eliminates drooling.
The Samoyed breed is part of the Working Group. The working group is classified by the American Kennel Club to include breeds who have been bred for specific jobs. Specific jobs include but are not limited to herding, pulling sleds, or water rescue.
The Samoyed was bred by the Samoyed people to herd reindeer.
Samoyed personality traits
The Samoyed is a gentle and friendly breed of dog. They have a loving, loyal, and affectionate personality. Samoyeds were bred to live within proximity to their families.
They lived in tents and were the guardians of the Samoyed people. Because of their close relationship with their owners, the Samoyed thrives on companionship.
Overall, Samoyeds get along well with children, adults, other dogs, and other pets. Because the Samoyed was bred to herd, you may see them chasing and nipping at children and other family pets, however, it is just their playful demeanor and instincts.
While a beautiful dog, the Samoyed does exhibit occasional unattractive personality traits, including excessive barking, digging, and separation anxiety. Samoyed’s enjoy the company. Therefore, when left alone for extended periods, they can begin to bark excessively.
When they become bored or lack exercise, Samoyeds may dig. Separation anxiety is another concern brought about because of the breeds need to be close to their family or pack. If left for long periods, they may become destructive and chew anything in their path.
It is recommended that Samoyeds partake in a raw diet, this is conducive to the diets of their ancestors and their job to hunt. A dry diet is also acceptable.
Do not hesitate to top off their dry with some raw, freeze-dried meat, raw fruit, and low sugar vegetables such as green beans or peas. They will most likely enjoy the added treat.
Overall, grooming needs for the Samoyed are high. Samoyeds need to be groomed regularly, daily during shedding season. The Samoyed will usually blow their undercoat two times per year. During this time, they shed, losing clumps of hair. During the offseason, they still shed their fine hairs.
It is important to brush the breed daily to eliminate the chance of matted fur. It is suggested that they are bathed no less than every six weeks. They can be bathed weekly. It is important to properly dry the undercoat and outer coat to eliminate matting or irritated skin.
Should you take the every six-week approach to grooming, it is suggested the Samoyed be wiped down with a wet towel after each outside adventure.
Life expectancy and fitness requirements
Samoyeds typically have a life expectancy ranging from 12-14 years of age. They require 20 – 60 minutes of exercise daily.
These dogs are a very intelligent breed, which makes them a prime candidate for Participation in agility tests and obstacle courses. Not only will they experience physical exercise, but they will also be exercised and challenged mentally. Of course, the daily walk or game of fetch will also suffice.
Samoyeds are often at their happiest when given a job to do, so pulling a sled or cart for fun will greatly please the breed.
Samoyeds are prone to a hereditary kidney disease known as glomerulopathy. Caused by a faulty X chromosome, glomerulopathy, is more common in male Samoyeds.
Female carriers will develop symptoms after 2-3 months of age. However, they typically do not experience kidney failure. Genetic tests are available to identify the disease.
Diabetes is another health concern in the Samoyed breed. With the mean age being seven, this disease usually affects middle-aged dogs. Some genetic concerns, coupled with an inflamed pancreas, are the cause of disease development.
Another health concern related to gene mutations includes progressive renal atrophy. A slow progressive loss of vision, which occurs between the ages of two and five years. Eventually this chromosomal disease less to blindness.
Hip dysplasia, short legs, and pulmonary stenosis are also a concern for the breed. It should be noted that many of these diseases are rare and identifiable at an early age.