This dog breed is, at times, referred to as the first dog of American. The dog is relatively hairless, and it has been in existence for many years, as seen on the Spanish conquistadors and pre-Columbian pottery.
The dog breed is relatively large and warm-bodied, having healing properties as it was known to help in insomnia, toothaches. This dog breed was also used to ward off intruders and evil spirits.
Xoloitzcuintli was popular during the 1930s and 1940s. The dog breed was used by some artists in their works like Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo.
However, the dog has lost its popularity in the current century. Its breed numbers have reduced significantly to the extent that the American Kennel Club has omitted the Xoloitzcuintli from the studbook.
Xoloitzcuintli dog breed always tends to be a healthy breed; however, you should always make sure that your dog is vaccinated and dewormed regularly.
Xoloitzcuintli is not prone to any genetic infection, but it possesses some character traits that affect its appearance and its care needs. Such a trait includes hairlessness implying that you should protect your Xolo from sunlight and cold weather.
You can protect your Xolo from sunlight by applying sunscreen formulated for dogs in its body. You should always apply this if your dog is light-colored. Ensure that you do not leave your Xoloitzcuintli outdoors for long unless it is in a shady place.
During snowy weather, ensure that you keep your Xoloitzcuintli warm by giving a coat or a sweater.
When your Xolo is in the house, just let it go naked to avoid overheating, which will make it develop skin complications from having its pores covered up. However, Xoloitzcuintli has unique skin, which is tough, and it heals quickly in case of abrasion.
Xoloitzcuintli dentition and hairlessness are linked. Most Xolos are hairless miss premolars, and they have their bicuspids between their molars and canines. This is a unique feature of the Xolo dog breed.
However, the bicuspids do not affect the dog’s ability to eat. In case your Xoloitzcuintli is coated, then it has full dentition.
In case of health, complications ensure that you take your dog to the vet for checkups. The checkups should be regular. This ensures that your dog lives a long and healthy life.
Ensure that you purchase Xoloitzcuintli from a reputable breeder who screens his breeding dogs for genetic diseases and breeds the healthier ones.
Careful breeders also breed the best looking specimens; however, at times, Mother Nature allows the dog to develop some genetic complications despite best breeding practices. Take your dog to the veterinary for it to have a good life.
Always ensure that you monitor and protect your Xoloitzcuintli from the moment you get it home. Protect your Xolo from health complications like obesity.
Ensure that your Xolo has an appropriate weight and body size. If your dog is overweight, you can reduce the amount of food you give it and subject it to more exercise daily. Ensure that you make more preventive abilities to protect your Xoloitzcuintli and help it be healthier and live a long life.
Xoloitzcuintli dog breed care
Xoloitzcuintli should have its nails trimmed weekly, in case you hear it clicking its nails on the floor, it implies that they are too long. Introducing your Xoloitzcuintli to early trimming reduces the incidences of it, stressing you in the future.
You should also ensure that your brush the teeth of your Xolo thrice a week to prevent the buildup of tartar and other bacteria. Start brushing your Xoloitzcuintli’s teeth while it is still a puppy.
Grooming of this dog breed is easy; however, there are other special considerations for such a hairless breed. If your Xoloitzcuintli has a coat, ensure that you brush it regularly using a soft brush. You should also wipe the skin of your Xoloitzcuintli daily using a dampened cloth in warm water to remove dirt.
Xoloitzcuintli should also get regular baths using mild dog shampoo; this will help to keep your dog’s skin blemish-free.
You can also apply moisturizing lotion every day, depending on the condition of its skin and climate. You note that your Xoloitzcuintli might be sensitive to lanolin; therefore, you should consult your vet the best lotion for your dog.
Xoloitzcuintli personality and temperament
Xoloitzcuintli is a flexible dog that easily adapts to any lifestyle. The dog is always happy, loyal, and smart, but sometimes it can be headstrong and stubborn. Xoloitzcuintli makes the best watchdog, given that it tends to protect its family members. The dog is wary of strangers.
Xoloitzcuintli is very affectionate and loves snuggling with the owner. It is very friendly to children when it is raised with them. It can also be trained to love children through consistent socialization.
Xoloitzcuintli is very aggressive and has a cautious temperament towards strangers, but in most cases, it is timid. It usually takes time to decide whether to like or dislike strangers.
You should ensure that your dog starts early socialization to ensure that it is not fearful when taken to new environments. The dog is very sensitive, and it is ideal for homes having children who understand how to interact with dogs. The dog is friendly with other mammals and pets.
Xoloitzcuintli training and exercise
Xoloitzcuintli dog breed is not hyper; however, it does enjoy physical activities alongside mental challenges. The dog is a fast learner during outdoors or even house training.
It responds best when the trainer uses positive reinforcement. To make the training interesting, and hold the attention of the dog, ensure that it is short and fun.
Ensure that you start training your Xoloitzcuintli when it is around 8 to 10 weeks old. Early training ensures that your dog soaks everything you teach it.
If you leave it to be six months old, they will become stubborn and hard to train. Invite friends to your home such that your Xoloitzcuintli becomes accustomed to strangers. Through this, your dog will learn to be sensible.