Constipation is one of the most recurring digestive problems in puppies and animals generally. Although it is a common problem, it needs prompt treatment.
It may disrupt the normal functioning of the puppy’s colon, leading to a condition called mega-colon, which is not very common in puppies.
Several factors may lead to constipation in a puppy. They may include cases of dietary deficiency, like lack of fiber in their food, which may also cause a blockage in the puppy’s anal sacs.
Medical problems like an under-active thyroid gland may also affect the bowels of the puppy. Another cause is an enlarged prostate gland causing the rectum to become narrow by pressing on it.
The puppy may also have a perineal hernia, which is a swelling of the pelvic floor. Cases of dehydration, intestinal obstruction, infected anal glands, lack of enough exercise, medication causing constipation, and the ingestion of foreign materials like dirt and toys may also obstruct the intestines.
The signs of constipation typically include difficulty in pooping, dry and hard feces, or not pooping at all. Some may exhibit crouching, whimpering during defecation, and blood traces on the dry stool.
So, what are some of the remedies for constipation in puppies?
Using olive oil in the puppy’s diet
The use of olive oil is beneficial when water and fiber intake does not reduce the effects of constipation in your puppy. When there is no improvement in the puppy’s digestive health, you can use a little healthy oil to help in the lubrication of the puppy’s digestive system.
The recommended options are olive oil and virgin coconut oil. They are useful in cases where you want to treat mild constipation cases. You may need to give different dosages depending on the size of your puppy.
If the puppy is large and is about 40 pounds in weight, a tablespoon will suffice. The smaller puppies may have to take a teaspoon for every 10 pounds of body weight.
You can also try out some organic apple cider vinegar. It contains natural components and useful for both humans and pets. The prescribed intake is about a teaspoon for every 10 pounds of puppy weight.
Increase the puppy’s fiber intake
The fiber in your puppy’s food is essential in reducing and eliminating the chances of constipation. When the fiber intake of your puppy is low, the chances of illness grow considerably high. Diets like the canned pumpkins are perfect for your puppy in fighting constipation.
The roughage your puppy gets from food is a natural way to avoid constipation since it helps in food digestion.
Take caution to feed the puppy adequately on the fiber and in moderation. Overfeeding your puppy on roughage with inadequate water increases the chances of constipation because of the fiber pile-up.
Regulate the intake depending on the overall result observed. If the stool is still hard and dry, increase the fiber level and the water intake. The psyllium husk powder and the canned pumpkin are rich sources of fiber for your puppy.
Psyllium, which is a soluble fiber, functions as a bulk-forming laxative. It softens the stool by absorbing the water and expanding to push the matter in the intestinal tract.
Give the puppy enough water and exercise
The body of both humans and pets alike are designed to keep moving. Exercises have a lot of benefits for your puppy. The benefits include helping in cases of constipation when doubled with enough drinking water. They play an essential role in maintaining the digestive health of your puppy.
Exercises help with the contractions and relaxation of the intestinal tract, which helps in bowel movement. Indulge the puppy on an afternoon walk and a few games to make it stimulated and jumpy.
Lack of fluids in the body of the puppy is one of the most common reasons for puppies’ constipation.
There are scenarios where your puppy may have the condition for an extended duration of time. If the puppy vomits while still constipated, it points to a severe underlying issue, and you should get to the veterinarian right away.
The intestinal tract of the puppy may be blocked, and the self-administered remedies may not help a lot.
The puppy needs specialized care and urgent treatment.
Adjust the puppy’s diet
The leading cause of constipation in your puppy is the diet. It impacts directly on its health. Therefore, it should be one of the most critical determinations you make with care. Your puppy should not be feeding on food with no nutritional value.
Foods containing fillers and non-beneficial additives are known causes of constipation.
When your puppy develops the condition, one of the best ways to treat it is by switching it to puppy food rich in nutrition.
Most of the time, puppy food usually is dry. Switch to a diet that is well balanced in nutrition and can decrease the levels of constipation.
It would help if you also considered cooking the puppy’s food by yourself. The cooking helps you include the balanced nutrition your puppy needs.
The complete recipes for preparing puppy foods, which are balanced and nutritious are readily available.
The diet helps to ensure your puppy has a digestive system that is fully functional and healthy.
Give the puppy a laxative or stool softener
Giving the puppy a laxative or stool softener is another method you can use to treat constipation. For the option to work in a safe and secure manner, you should seek medical clarification from the veterinarian.
It is always best to be safe and take precautionary measures.
Human laxatives are not to be used on the puppies unless under special instructions from the doctor.
The puppies have their laxatives specifically designed and suitable for their use. Emollient laxatives are effective in countering the effects of constipation.
They can be able to speed up the process by offering lubrication and are more pleasant to your puppy.
The veterinarian should also recommend the stool softener. It can have adverse effects on your puppy if you guess how to administer it. Purchase only those laxatives meant for the pets and with guidance from the vet.