You are playing with your puppy one day, and he or she bites(even drawing blood). It happens from time to time. Some puppies get very playful.
What happens if the playing does not stop? What happens when your puppy keeps doing it? Yeah, there is something wrong there. Most puppies grow out of that stage at some point.
The first thing you should do is relax. You are not the only one this happens to. However, you do need to do something about it before it becomes too late.
Here are some training tips for you to stop your puppy from biting you any further.
The first thing you need to train them on is the force of the bite. Some dogs bite harder than they need to. There is a difference between play biting and forceful biting. Some cats need to be taught too because they do not stop the biting after they pass kittenhood.
That is why you need to start teaching biting inhibition. That is going to reduce the chances of them doing it again.
The best thing to do is to let them know it hurt. Verbally tell them they cause you pain. Now, that does some puppies to get more worked up and playful.
You should think about putting them in their crate or a separate room if that happens. It is letting them know their behavior is not acceptable.
Once they stop doing it, you can let them out and praise them. Only give them a treat if they have earned it. Giving them a treat every time they misbehave like that is going to set another precedent.
Giving them a treat every time they stop biting you is rewarding them in the wrong way. To put it in perspective, it is the same as a parent buying their kids a present every time they behave themselves out in public.
They learn that behaving correctly means the reward of a present. Kids should behave because it is the right thing to do, not because they get something out of it.
It is the same thing with a puppy. They need to know that what they did is wrong.
This is kind of goes along with number one. Let them know that biting means playtime is over, without exceptions. The last thing you want to do is teach then negative reinforcement(behaving means treat).
You are withdrawing the attention.
Sometimes the puppy will walk alongside you after you have scolded them. They want you to know they have learned their lesson.
Teach your puppy to walk nicely with you or they will not be rewarded. Sometimes you do have to use positive reward reinforcement for the puppy to get it.
Strangely enough, this does work alongside the aftereffect of biting. The puppy is trying to cozy up so you forgive them.
Sometimes a time-out is needed. That is why you sometimes have to place them in their crate. However, you need only do this to calm them down. Do not let your puppy associate this with being punished. It is not the same thing. You are merely trying to get them to calm down.
You also need to let them know the information verbally. Puppies associate words and actions. Pick them up and place them in the crate gently. A gentle touch will let them know they are not being punished. Doing it too rough will send the wrong message.
Your puppy might even begin to think you are angry with them. That could cause other emotional and mental issues later. Stay calm and let them know you will let them out when they are calmer.
Reinforcing positive behaviors will help your puppy to learn not to bite you. Tell them they are a good dog. Throw in a treat every so often. The more you use positive reinforcement to associate good behavior, the less your puppy is going to act up.
Your puppy is a little kid. You need to teach your little kid the right and wrong way to do something.
You never hit an animal(I cannot stress this enough). It is the same as hitting a human. Physically punishing your puppy for biting you or someone else is going to cause emotional and mental issues to develop.
Some pet owners have puppies that grow to be very aggressive dogs. There is something happening inside of them you cannot control. You need to speak to your vet about what to do. Your vet is trained to help you puppy who has aggression issues.
Two extra tips
You need to start training your puppy with the behavior you want. Letting your puppy do what it wants to do is a recipe for disaster. Once again, your puppy is your child. Would you train your child to grow to be an animal?
Reinforce the behaviors you find appropriate and most puppies will follow suit.
You can also think about enrolling your puppy in classes. Do you have more than one puppy? The reason your puppy is acting out and biting you could be they lack other dogs to be with. You cannot always be the social vehicle your puppy needs. Your puppy needs other dogs to relate to.
Enrolling your puppy in some classes could help the situation. They will be around other pets that do the same thing. They will learn how to behave together(which is what you want).
The best time to start consulting your vet about which classes would be best for your puppy is around six months( no later). Your puppy might be one who needs a trainer specifically geared to their problems.
The behavior will go unchanged and could get worse if you wait longer.